Roles and responsibilities

When a concussion occurs, everyone involved plays a strategic role in concerted action and the transmission of information.

Participants (students, athletes, players, people participating in a sport or recreational activity, etc.)

Report any symptom that could be associated with a concussion, report an incident you witnessed and, if necessary, respect medical advice as well as the progressive return to activities procedure presented in the Concussion Management Protocol. Don’t forget to inform authorities in the different areas of your life about your state of health and any restrictions you have. 

The fear of being judged by your peers or the desire to pursue a physical activity are not good reasons to hide concussion symptoms. Take care of your head and stay sharp, now and in the future!

Parents of a minor

Know how to recognize the signs and symptoms associated with a concussion, as these can appear several hours after an impact. Be sure you have followed the necessary steps to obtain the appropriate care and inform authorities in different fields about the state of your child’s health.

Activity supervisors (health professionals, trainers, referees, teachers, supervisors, coaches, facilitators, etc.)

Ensure supervision, report any incident that suggests the presence of a concussion and remove the participant immediately from the activity. Moreover, follow medical advice and the progressive return to activities procedure presented in the Concussion Management Protocol.

Person responsible for health, well-being and safety of participants

Confirm the presence of signs or symptoms in the participant after removal from the activity due to a possible concussion. Also inform the parent of a minor of the situation and the rest period required as soon as possible. Make sure that the return to activity is based on medical advice and the progressive return to activities procedure presented in the Concussion Management Protocol.

In cases where the Protocol is used by a professional care team with expertise in concussions (e.g. sports therapists, physiotherapists, kinesiologists), under medical supervision, it may be applied more flexibly to leave room for professional clinical judgment.

Person responsible for applying the protocol in an educational institution

Introduce mechanisms to manage the student’s return to school and progressive return to sports and physical activities, based on his or her state of health and the relevant restrictions. Inform the staff and coordinate their actions.