International and Pan-Canadian studies
Programme for International Student Assessment
The member countries of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) launched the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) to provide policy-oriented international indicators on the knowledge and skills of 15-year-old students. PISA is based on a dynamic model of lifelong learning in which new knowledge and skills necessary for successful adaptation to a changing world are continuously acquired throughout life. PISA assesses what 15-year-olds are capable of accomplishing with what they have learned at school, at home or in their communities. As such, PISA examines young people's ability to think and to apply their knowledge and skills.
Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study
The sixth Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS 2011) was conducted by the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA), an independent cooperative of research institutions and government agencies. More than 60 countries are now members.
TIMSS was designed to assess the mathematics and science knowledge of students aged 10 (Elementary 4) and 14 (Secondary II), to compare the performances of participating countries and school jurisdictions and to provide information on school curricula and instructional methods.
Progress in International Reading Literacy Study
The Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS) is an initiative of the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA). PIRLS coordinators aim to assess reading progress regularly with a view to observing trends in the development of reading literacy in the participating countries. The assessment focuses on 10-year-olds, i.e. students who are in the second year of Elementary Cycle Two.
Pan-Canadian Assessment Program – Council of Ministers of Education, Canada
In 2003, at a meeting of the Council of Ministers of Education, Canada (CMEC), the provincial and territorial ministers of education established the Pan-Canadian Assessment Program (PCAP) to replace its School Achievement Indicators Program (SAIP). This new program would periodically assess the knowledge and skills of Canadian 13-year-olds in reading, mathematics and science. The major component of each PCAP assessment would be one of these areas of learning, but each assessment would include minor components of the other two.
School Achievement Indicators Program
The provinces of Canada have given the Council of Ministers of Education, Canada (CMEC) the mandate to implement the School Achievement Indicators Program (SAIP) to assess students’ performance in mathematics, reading and writing, and science. In April 2004, the science achievements of students from the ten provinces and three territories of Canada were assessed.